Through the study of mini-analogue of the placental tissue will be able to reduce the number of abortions.
The first artificial placenta, which is identical to this in the first trimester, created by scientists from the University of Cambridge. British biologists have already conducted the first study with a mini placenta, the results of which are published in the journal Nature. The placenta was able to create with the help of trophoblasts. Included in syncytiotrophoblast create a special barrier that separates the circulatory system of the embryo from the mother’s body, and cytotrophoblast provide the metabolism.
Disruption of the placental cells may be linked to miscarriages and other complications during pregnancy. According to scientists, the placenta is today the least studied part of the fruit and informed biologists did not resort to the artificial creation of its copies because of the significant differences from placental mammals. British scientists explain that their artificial model with all the most important features of the placenta. In addition to the cells in a mini-copies have “hairs”, responsible for the exchange of gases and nutrients. Besides, the artificial placenta is able to produce all of the most important hormones and signaling molecules.
Research mini-organs will help to clarify the causes of infertility and the occurrence of miscarriages. In addition, scientists hope to understand how and why cross the placental barrier to some pathogens.