We used to think that dry definitely where it’s hot, but here, on the contrary, very cold. Dry valleys McMurdo station is located on the coldest continent of our planet, in Antarctica.
The valley is located in Victoria Land, and consist of three main valleys (oases): Taylor, Victoria and Wright. Their total area is no less than about 4.8 thousand km2.
Winds reaching speeds of 320 km/h, the strongest on Earth, here dry all the moisture, so Dry valleys for the past eight million years free from ice and snow.
The researchers found the driest place on our planet isn’t the Sahara, and the Atacama desert. After all, in the Atacama desert it only rains once a decade, and in the mysterious valleys of McMurdo station it was already 2 million years!
The similarity of nature with the surface of Mars has enabled NASA to conduct tests. Dry valleys McMurdo station became the perfect place to sample the slopes of the spacecraft “Viking”.
Surprisingly, Dry valleys of McMurdo also have several lakes and rivers. Of course, the waters here are not like we used to see, lakes and rivers isolated under the ice cover. However, some of them are particularly interesting and unique.
Also the longest river of Antarctica flows through the Dry valleys McMurdo station is the river Onyx, a length of 32 kilometers.
Because of the climate and harsh weather conditions, the flora is also quite harsh and meager. Flora is represented by plants endolite that can withstand strong wind.
But the strangest place on Earth, the valley of the McMurdo called for another reason. The fact that there is nothing living except bacteria-Angelito, capable, according to scientists, to exist even in space.
The earth is literally teeming with life: the life on our planet are everywhere: at a depth of 3 km in the crust and on the bottom of the Mariana trench in the ice of Everest and boiling geysers. And it’s not here!
This Dry valleys McMurdo station never cease to amaze. In the Valley of Taylor is one of the natural attractions of Antarctica – blood falls.
Its name he received because of appearance, blood-red stream, flowing from the glacier.
The salinity of the water of the waterfall exceeds four times the ocean, so the water does not freeze, and the color turned out because of the high content of iron oxide and activity of anaerobic bacteria that populated the lake, the source of the stream.
Someone thinks the local landscape is not picturesque. Other mesmerizing beauty of these unspoiled places, snow-covered rocks, brown sandy surface blue ice area of the ice.
Use of the dry valleys McMurdo station is not so easy. Since independent travel in this part of the world is almost eliminated, you will have to buy a tour. The minimum price for the 12-day tour to Antarctica with a visit to the dry valleys will be $ 5,000. Most cruises depart from Ushuaia to here, the port city in the very South of Argentina.
We will remind, in the Valley of Death, there was life. Scientists were amazed that this place was discovered a cistern, it is considered to be the driest in the United States.
As reported by the portal “Znayu” scientists found the world’s longest cave.
Also “Znayu” I wrote about the incredible forests of our planet that look like alien landscapes.