Scientists first managed to create an artificial life form

Ученым впервые удалось создать искусственную форму жизни

The quantum system was able to replicate the biological function of reproduction.

Scientists have created the first artificial life form, writes the Telegraph.

They succeeded in the course of the revolutionary experiment that combines research in artificial life (that is, the playback living behavior in artificial systems) and quantum computing, which is changing how information is processed. Spanish scientist Lucas Lamata and his colleagues from the University of the Basque Country have developed an algorithm based on their theoretical work from 2015. In those days, the team wanted to find out how tiny it may be the system to implement cameraproduct – action, inherent only to living organisms.

“It must be something at the microscopic level, as in the case of DNA molecules, or it can be a system of several atoms with quantum characteristics?” said Lamata. Three years ago, scientists came to the conclusion that in reality the system can exist on a quantum level. So they decided to create a computer algorithm that will be able to check their calculations and to perform all actions. In the experiment, we used the cloud-based IBM computer ibmqx4.

“We wanted to know whether the atypical behavior of microscopic biological systems to be played on the microscopic quantum level. In this study, we found that a very tiny quantum devices with multiple qubits can already emulate reproduction, combining standard biological characteristics such as genotype and phenotype, with genuine quantum properties, such as plexus and superposition,” said the Spanish scientist. The team created the game model the minimum quantum systems that can reproduce biological behaviors such as reproduction. Scientists and then implemented it on the IBM computer. In the model of one qubit represented genetic information, i.e., genotype, and other interactions with the environment. The experiment showed that the system was able to create his own kind, and quantum properties was critical to the full transfer of quantum information to the next generation.

“We also included a mutation as a random process which occurs with quantum bits,” added the Limat. He added that artificial life is not about just quantum research. It is a broader sphere, which includes the development of robots capable of building such computer programs that reproduce themselves or chemical molecules and neurons that are artificially manipulated in a laboratory. “This is a very diverse field that can give a wide range of applications in science and technology. What we have done is added the quantum ingredient, namely embodied the minimum of the quantum system with the ability to repeat the behavior reproduction: minimum quantum version of life, connected with the processes of mutagenesis and interaction that could start quantum Darwinian evolution,” explained the Spanish scientist.

We will remind, the last published work of Hawking.

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