In the Atacama desert (Chile) in the experiment, the Rover Zoë studied the ground in the dusty and arid areas of the globe that climate resemble the surface of Mars. Causing found soil bacteria that are adapted to extremely arid climate. Some of them are absolutely unknown to science, according to Wave.
According to biologist Stephen Poynting (Stephen Pointing) College at Yale University and the National University of Singapore, an Autonomous Rover has demonstrated that it can extract samples of the subsurface soils and to find traces of life in very harsh environmental conditions.
It is known that the Atacama desert is considered the driest place on Earth. In some areas of the wilderness weather stations have never recorded rain.
Thus, scientists wanted to test the Rover, which will search for life on Mars. Researchers believe that if life really could emerge on the red planet, it is hidden deep beneath the surface.
The Rover drilled the holes with a length of 80 centimeters, extracted 90 samples and found that some of them contain microorganisms. With increasing depth in microbial communities predominate bacteria that adapted to life in extremely salty and alkaline soils.
At the bottom of wells, they are replaced by single-celled organisms use for survival methane. All were identified three main groups of unicellular — Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria and Alphaproteobacteria.
Detection of microorganisms in Atacama region increases the probability of the existence of such organisms on Mars.
The most promising sites to search for Stephen Poynting finds bed of ancient Martian rivers.
However, the researchers note that the conditions on the red planet even more extreme. Even in earth’s desert were found areas where the environment was too harsh for the survival of bacteria.
Recall, the Rover space administration’s Curiosity Rover made a farewell selfie on the ridge of the mountains of Vera Rubin and rolled down to the clay valley near the mountains of Aolida.
As reported by the portal “Znayu” the Rover last time out June 10, 2018. After thousands of failed attempts to communicate with it experts decided to complete the mission Opportunity.
Also “Znayu” wrote a team of astronomers, working in an international team of astrophysicists claims that the milky Way – our galaxy – not like a flat disk. Scientists say that the milky Way becomes more closer to its edges, and becomes like a “harmonica”.